Image file formats: The Beginner’s Guide
This article is an overview of the main file formats that you’ll find in your crafting journey.
Take a look and find an answer to the more frequently asked questions!
On this article:
What are SVG files?
SVG stands for Scalable Vector Graphics. This file format allows you to save vectorial designs. These images are made of vectors instead of pixels. They are scalable, so you can modify their size as much as you want without losing quality.
This format allows you to keep extra information about your files. You can save CSS parameters to use them when writing code for your website.
SVG is a popular file format among those who love crafting with cut files.
The main design programs you can use with cutting machines allow you to cut SVG designs without tracing them.
What are PNG files?
PNG stands for Portable Network Graphics. This format supports raster graphics without losing quality. It’s common to use PNG files for logo and web design. PNG files provide a transparent or semi-transparent background.
PNG files have some technical advantages. These images have higher compression rates so that you can download them more quickly. Also, PNG files have higher bit depths, which results in more colors and higher quality.
The main disadvantage of PNG files is their big size. Also, this format is not the best for printing. PNG files don’t support CMYK colors, so that the final results will differ from the original digital design.
What are JPEG files?
JPEG stands for Joint Photographic Experts Group. JPEG files guarantee high resolution, supporting a 24-bit color with up to 16 million colors. Also, these files are smaller than the ones saved in other formats, such as PNG.
JPEG is a convenient file for storing personal pictures, sending photos through the Internet, and posting graphic content on Social Media.
Are JPG and JPEG files the same?
Yes! These are two different ways to call the same image format. This difference happens because the previous versions of Microsoft Windows required file formats to have three-letter names.
What are PDF files?
PDF stands for Portable Document Format. Adobe developed this type of file in the year 1993. PDF files allow you to present documents, including images and text. PNG files’ initial advantage was the possibility to read a file in different programs without losing quality or information.
To edit PDF files, you’ll need to open them in Adobe Acrobat. Programs like Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, Microsoft Word, or Canva allow you to save your files to the PDF format.
What are CWPRJ files?
A CWPRJ file contains a project created with Brother ScanNCut Canvas Workspace. Canvas Workspace is the official editing software for Brother ScanNCut machines. You can use this program to prepare your designs and send them to your device for cutting.
By saving your projects as a CWPRJ file, you’ll keep all the information about layers, color codes, and vector points. Our advice is always to export a copy of your designs to this format. This way, you’ll be able to make changes to it later.
CWPRJ is not a cut file format. To cut your designs with your ScanNCut machine, you must convert them to the FCM format first.
What are FCM files?
FCM is the native format for Brother ScanNCut cutting machines. You can not make changes to FCM files; this format is only for storage and cutting purposes.
What are EPS files?
EPS stands for Encapsulated PostScript. These files are PostScript programs saved as a low-resolution file. They incorporate an encapsulated low-resolution preview.
This format allows you to store a large amount of information about vectorial designs. It’s also popular among those who like crafting with cut files.